What is Nimodipine used for?
Nimodipine is used to treat and prevent neurological problems (brain damage) caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage
Subarachnoid hemorrhage refers to bleeding in the space around the brain that occurs due to a ruptured brain blood vessel, which results in reduced blood flow to the brain. Nimodipine relaxes blood vessels in the brain near the area of bleeding and improves blood flow, thereby reducing brain damage.
Nimodipine belongs to a group of drugs called calcium channel blockers. Nimodipine may also be used to treat other conditions as determined by your doctor.
What are the side effects of Nimodipine?
Like other medicines, Nimodipine can cause some side effects. If they do occur, the side effects of Nimodipine are most likely to be minor and temporary. However, some may be serious and may require the individual to inform the doctor or visit the nearest hospital immediately.
It is pertinent to note that side effects of Nimodipine cannot be anticipated. If any side effects of Nimodipine develop or change in intensity, the doctor should be informed as soon as possible.
Nimodipine can cause side effects such as headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, flushing, nausea and diarrhea. This is not a complete list of all side effects. Do concur with your doctor and follow his directions completely when you are taking Nimodipine.
What is the recommended dosage of Nimodipine?
The dosage of Nimodipine prescribed to each patient will vary. Always follow your physician’s instructions and/or the directions on the prescription drug label.
Nimodipine should be taken by mouth only. Take Nimodipine tablets with a full glass of water on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before a meal or 2 hours after a meal.
Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while you are on Nimodipine. Do not suddenly stop taking Nimodipine tablets without consulting your doctor.
What if you miss a dose of Nimodipine?
If your physician has instructed or directed you to take Nimodipine medication in a regular schedule and you have missed a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, then skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the doses to catch up for the missed dose.
What if you overdose on Nimodipine?
Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Nimodipine, seek medical attention immediately.
Overdose symptoms of Nimodipine may include unusually fast or slow heartbeat, low blood pressure, gastrointestinal problems, weakness, nausea, dizziness and headache.
What other drugs could interact with Nimodipine?
- St. John’s wort
- Valproic acid
It may be noted that drugs other than those listed above may also interact with Nimodipine.
Avoid eating grapefruit or drinking grapefruit juice while you are being treated with Nimodipine medication.
Nimodipine can interact with the following types of medicines: other calcium channel blockers, high blood pressure medications, diuretics, azole antifungals, macrolide antibiotics, erectile dysfunction medicines, tuberculosis medications, seizure medications, rifamycins and heart rhythm medications.
Usually drug interactions occur when it is taken with another drug or with food. Before you take a medication for a particular ailment, you should inform the health expert about intake of any other medications including non-prescription medications (over-the-counter products) and dietary supplements like vitamins, minerals and herbal, which may increase the effect of Nimodipine, so that the doctor can warn you of any possible drug interactions.
Do let your doctor know if you smoke, consume alcohol or caffeinated drinks, or use illegal drugs as these may interfere with the action of your medication. Make sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions you may have, or any family history of medical problems. Do not start or stop using any medicine without consulting your doctor.
What are the questions to ask your doctor before taking Nimodipine?
Is it possible for me to take Nimodipine with other drugs?
Should certain beverages, foods and other products be avoided when I take Nimodipine?
What are the possible drug interactions of Nimodipine?
How will Nimodipine work in my body?
How should Nimodipine be taken?
How to reduce the risk of Nimodipine drug interactions and side effects?
What other important information should you know about Nimodipine?
Before taking Nimodipine tablets, make sure to tell your doctor if you have
- low blood pressure
- liver problems
- recent head injury
- chest pain/recent heart attack
Also, tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding.
- Store Nimodipine at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages while you are taking Nimodipine.
- Do not drive, operate machinery or perform any tasks that require alertness until you are certain you can do these activities safely.
The health and medical information provided here is intended to supplement and not substitute for the expertise and judgment of your physician, pharmacists or other health care professional. It should not be understood to indicate that the use of Nimodipine is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Always consult your health care professional before using this, or any other, drug.